The Western Michigan Broncos football program represents Western Michigan University in the Football Bowl Subdivision of Division I and the Mid-American Conference. Western Michigan has competed in football since 1906, when they played three games in their inaugural season. In 1927, WMU joined four other schools to form the Michigan Collegiate Conference. Western Michigan then moved to its present conference in 1948. Prior to 1939, Western Michigan's athletic teams were known as the Hilltoppers.
Western Michigan's football team has had 16 head coaches in its history and is currently coached by Tim Lester.
WMU's main rival is the Central Michigan University Chippewas and they play for the WMU–CMU Rivalry Trophy. As of 2018, the Broncos own a 49–38–2 advantage in the series. In 2002, Western Michigan won the rivalry game at Central Michigan for the first time since 1973, snapping a 12-game winless streak. In the 2018 season, Western Michigan defeated Central Michigan 35–10. The win was the Broncos' sixth in the last eight contests against the Chippewas.
Western Michigan University played in the inaugural International Bowl in 2007 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.