The Indiana State Sycamores basketball is the NCAA Division I men's basketball program of Indiana State University in Terre Haute, Indiana. They currently compete in the Missouri Valley Conference. The team last played in the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament in 2011.
The Sycamores' first season was 1896, making them the oldest basketball team in the NCAA along with Bucknell, Minnesota, and Washington; however, the records from 1896 to 1899 no longer exist. The Sycamores boast two College Players of the Year, 14 All-Americans, 39 1,000-point scorers, and 1,496 victories. Their victory count places them in the top 70 of all NCAA Division I programs.
In addition, the Sycamores have 26 postseason appearances with five national championship appearances. Seven Sycamores were members of the 1951 Pan-American Games gold medal-winning team. The Sycamores' most memorable season was 1978–79, when star Larry Bird led an undefeated team to its first-ever NCAA Tournament appearance, as well as the UPI national title. However, it lost the national title game versus the Magic Johnson-led Michigan State team; and ended the season with a record of 33–1.