Football Club Shakhtar Donetsk is a Ukrainian professional football club from the city of Donetsk. In 2014, due to the Russian military occupation of Crimea and eastern Ukraine, the club was forced to move to Lviv, and had played matches in Lviv and in Kharkiv whilst having its office headquarters and training facilities in Kyiv. In May 2020 Shakhtar started to play home matches at NSC Olimpiyskiy in Kyiv.
Shakhtar has appeared in several European competitions and is often a participant in the UEFA Champions League. The club became the first club in independent Ukraine to win the UEFA Cup in 2009, the last year before the competition was revamped as the Europa League. FC Shakhtar Donetsk is one of two Ukrainian clubs, the other being Dynamo Kyiv, who have won a major UEFA competition.
The club formerly played its home matches in Donetsk at the newly built Donbass Arena, however, due to the Russian military occupation of Crimea and eastern Ukraine, the team were forced to relocate 1000 kilometers to the west in Arena Lviv in the interim. Following the winter break of the 2016–17 season the club then moved again to the Metalist Stadium in Kharkiv early in 2017.